The heavy topic behind the "plastic restriction order"
since june1,2008, the state has issued and implemented the "plastic restriction order" for two years, and its implementation is "ice and fire". "Fire" is that most supermarkets strictly implement the plastic restriction order; "Ice" is that the farmers' market still provides free plastic bags. This happens to coincide with the opinion that "supermarkets are easy to manage and farmers' markets are difficult" put forward by many people at the beginning of the promulgation and implementation of the plastic restriction order
a "plastic restriction order" is not only intended to change people's life and consumption patterns, but also to test the citizens' quality and environmental awareness of all Chinese to a great extent. How long will the implementation and influence of this policy last? What choices do citizens face when shopping and disposing of domestic waste? What measures have the relevant regulatory authorities introduced to "escort" them? "Plastic restriction order" has become a widely discussed topic
there is no doubt that plastic bags have become an inseparable part of our lives as shopping tools because of their convenience, cleanness and firmness. However, due to the low price and free gift, there is a phenomenon of widespread abuse. Most intuitively, we buy vegetables in the vegetable market, and each stall has prepared a large number of plastic bags. These plastic bags have different colors and materials. Some of them are a little thicker, and some are as thin as a film. Operators are offering ultra-thin plastic bags for free. Bargaining, weighing and bagging in the market and putting agricultural and sideline products into free plastic bags have become the most common trading links. If the customer carries a bag, the stall owner will put the vegetables, meat, etc. in a properly sized plastic bag, and then put them into the customer's own bag. If you see a customer coming empty handed, in addition to wrapping up the food, the stall owner should give the customer a larger bag to carry. According to the calculation that 100 plastic bags are sent out by a vegetable stall in a day, a medium-sized vegetable farm with 200 stalls can send out more than 20000 in a day, 600000 in a month, and 7.3 million in a year after the tensile and other mechanical property experiments of the samples are completed. Some experts have estimated that if two-thirds of supermarkets in the country complete the "plastic limit" requirement, 270000 tons of plastic can be reduced in a year, equivalent to 1.6 million tons of oil. If the farmers' market completes the "plastic restriction", it will be unimaginable to reduce plastic and save oil in one year. Relevant surveys show that the total amount of plastic packaging bags required by the entire supermarket industry in China each year exceeds 400000 tons, and the consumption cost reaches 5billion yuan. These plastic bags not only provide convenience for consumers, but also cause serious waste of resources and environmental pollution due to excessive use and inadequate recycling. It is estimated that 3 tons of oil will be consumed for each ton of plastic produced; At present, the waste plastics that enter the landfill with domestic waste each year account for 3%-5% of the weight of landfill waste, most of which are waste plastic shopping bags, especially ultra-thin plastic bags with a thickness of less than 0.025mm. It is understood that plastic is a synthetic organic polymer compound. It takes several months for a qualified plastic bag to decompose, while the ultra-thin plastic bag is highly toxic, and it takes 200 years to decompose in the soil. If incineration is adopted, a large number of toxic gases such as dioxin will be produced, which seriously damage human health. These shocking figures. There is no doubt that the "plastic restriction order" plays a subtle role in promoting the concept of environmental protection and cultivating the national awareness of environmental protection. Its value is far beyond the "quantification" of 100 million plastic bags and tens of thousands of tons of oil
the effect of the plastic restriction order is obvious to all. Furthermore, the implementation significance of the plastic restriction order has far exceeded the "plastic restriction" itself. The "plastic restriction order" is becoming a conscious action of many people. It can be seen that the introduction of the "plastic restriction order" has a strong practical significance. Whether it is environmental protection or resource conservation, as well as people's behavior habits and public morality, will usher in a change
"plastic restriction order" is not "plastic prohibition order". Plastic bags will continue to play an important role in our lives for a long time before there are no other alternative shopping tools. However, through the "plastic restriction order", the situation of widespread abuse as before will be greatly improved. However, we should take this step to "protect the environment" with practical actions and lead people into the "green era". This is the greatest success
Germany: no matter what kind of bags are charged
most stores in Germany provide plastic, canvas and cotton shopping bags for customers who are eliminated
German plastic bags are environment-friendly plastic bags. They are biodegradable, strong and can be reused. No matter what kind of shopping bag customers choose, they have to pay first
Ireland: levy a "bag tax"
Ireland has started the "plastic bag tax" since 2002, imposing a tax of 15 euro cents on each shopping plastic bag, and all the taxes are included in the environmental protection fund. In 2007, the government raised the tax on shopping plastic bags to 22 euro cents each. After the implementation of the "bag tax", the number of plastic bags consumed by Irish people has indeed decreased, but now it has begun to rebound, which shows that this measure is not a long-term solution
Japan: discount for shopping with their own bags
the Japanese government stipulates that businesses should take the initiative to remind customers when checking out, that they must pay for plastic shopping bags, and provide discounts to customers with their own shopping bags
UK: bonus points encourage customers
major UK supermarket chains currently provide both free plastic bags and reusable shopping bags, with prices ranging from 10p to 20p. Tesco, a large supermarket chain, encourages customers not to use plastic bags or reuse shopping bags by rewarding points. The speed is the speed of objects. This practice is quite effective
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