Prediction of the global industrial robot trend in

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Prediction of the future trend of global industrial robots

industrial robots are the most representative equipment in intelligent manufacturing. Japan, the United States, Germany and South Korea are powerful industrial robots. Japan is known as the kingdom of robots, ranking first in the world in the production, export and use of industrial robots; Japan's industrial robots account for about 60% of the world's industrial robots

the United States is the birthplace of robots. As early as 1962, it developed the world's first industrial robot. Although the United States has followed a tortuous path in the history of robot development that attaches importance to theoretical research and ignores application development research, its robot technology has always been in the leading position in the world, with comprehensive and advanced technology and strong adaptability

the total number of industrial robots in Germany ranks third in the world, second only to Japan and the United States; The research and application of German industrial robots are in the leading position in the world

South Korea is a rising star of industrial robots. It began to vigorously develop industrial robot technology in the late 1980s. With the support and guidance of the government, South Korea has become one of the robot powers in recent years

at the same time, the world's well-known manufacturers in the field of industrial robots are also mainly concentrated in developed countries represented by Japan, the United States and Germany, such as abb in Sweden, FANUC in Japan, Yaskawa electric

(Yaskawa), KUKA in Germany and Americ in the United States. Generally speaking, the spoke sensor an robot and Comau in Italy are used, The industrial robots produced by these manufacturers have become an industrial standard and have been widely used all over the world

according to the statistics of the International Federation of Robotics (IFR), the international industrial robot market began to recover in 2010. Globally, due to the impact of the financial crisis, the number of industrial robots in operation in 2009 decreased by 0.5% compared with 2008. 20 with vacuum cleaners for 10 years, the number of newly installed industrial robots in the world is gradually approaching the peak of the year, with a total supply of 121000 industrial robots, which means that the global sales volume of industrial robots has almost doubled compared with the sluggish 2009

the latest data shows that the global sales of industrial robots in 2016 was about 294000 units, an increase of 16% year-on-year, and it is expected to be about 346000 units in 2017; In 2016, the global sales of industrial robots exceeded US $13.2 billion for the first time, and it is expected to reach US $14.7 billion in 2017

chart 2: development scale of global industrial robots in (unit: 10000 units, US $billion)

prediction of the future trend of global industrial robots

forward looking Industry Research Institute believes that industrial powers have put forward robot industry policies, such as German Industry 4.0, Japanese robot new strategy, American advanced manufacturing partnership program, Chinese Mainland's 13th five year plan, made in China 2025 and other national policies, Both are included in the development of the robot industry as an important connotation, which will promote the continuous growth of the industrial robot market. IFR predicts that the global sales of industrial robots will reach 850000 by 2025

chart 3: global industrial robot sales forecast in (unit: units,%)

the "China industrial robot industry strategic planning and enterprise strategy consulting report" released by the forward looking Industry Research Institute believes that there are four major trends in the future of global industrial robots:

1) the deep integration of robots and information technology

big data and cloud storage technology make robots gradually become the terminals and nodes of IOT. With the rapid development of information technology, industrial robots and networks are integrated to form a highly complex production system. Various algorithms such as ant colony algorithm and immune algorithm can be gradually applied to robot applications to make it have human like learning ability. The collaborative technology of multiple robots makes a set of production solutions possible

2) the ease of use and stability of robot products have been improved

with the improvement of robot standardized structure, integrated joints, self-assembly and self-repair technology, the ease of use and stability of robots have been continuously improved

first, the application field of robots has been extended from the relatively mature automotive and electronic industries to the broader manufacturing fields such as food, medical treatment and chemical industry. The service fields and service objects are increasing, and the robot body is developing towards the characteristics of small size and wide application

second, the cost of robots has fallen rapidly. The use and technology of robot technology and carbon fiber in the floor heating industry are becoming more and more mature. The price gap between the initial investment of robot and the traditional special equipment is narrowed. It has higher economic efficiency to replace the traditional special equipment in the manufacturing of products with high degree of personalization and cumbersome processes and processes

third, the human-machine relationship has undergone profound changes. For example, when workers and robots work together to achieve goals, robots can understand human language, graphics, and body instructions by simplifying their surface energy and easily sensing, and use their modular plugs and production components to avoid complex operations by workers. At the present stage, human-machine cooperation has great safety problems. Although light industrial robots with vision and advanced sensors have been developed, there is still a lack of reliable and safe technical specifications for industrial robot cooperation

3) robots are developing towards modularization, intelligence and systematization

at present, robot products launched worldwide are developing towards modularization, intelligence and systematization

first, modularization has changed the configuration of traditional robots, which can only be applied to a limited range of problems. The research and development of industrial robots tend to adopt combined and modular product design ideas, and the reconstruction of modularization helps users solve the contradiction between product varieties, specifications, design and manufacturing cycle and production cost. For example, the three position integration of servo motor, reducer and detection system in the joint module, and the whole robot is constructed by the reorganization of joint and connecting rod modules

second, in the process of intelligent development of robot products, industrial robot control system is developing towards the integration of open control system, and servo drive technology is changing to unstructured and multi mobile robot system. Robot cooperation is not only the coordination of control, but also the coordination of organization and control mode of robot system

third, industrial robot technology continues to extend. At present, robot products are embedded in traditional equipment such as engineering machinery, food machinery, experimental equipment, medical devices and so on

4) the market demand for new intelligent robots is increasing

the demand for new intelligent robots, especially robots with intelligence, flexibility, cooperation and adaptability, continues to grow

first, the fine work ability of the next generation of intelligent robots has been further improved, and their ability to adapt and perceive the outside world has been continuously enhanced. In terms of the robot's fine work ability, the Boston Consulting Group survey shows that the robots that recently entered factories and laboratories have significantly different characteristics. They can complete fine work contents, such as assembling small parts. Robots with preset programs no longer need expert monitoring

second, the market demand for robot flexibility continues to increase. Renault used a batch of 29kg screw tightening robots, which can operate flexibly with six rotating joints embedded in the only 1.3m long robot arm

third, the requirements for the ability of robots to cooperate with people are increasing. In the future, robots can approach workers to perform tasks. The new generation of intelligent robots will use sonar, cameras or other technologies to sense whether there are people in the working environment. If there is a collision, they may slow down or stop working

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