The in-depth development of military material pack

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The in-depth development of military material packaging in the U.S.

without military logistics revolution, there will be no military revolution. In order to build a modern army in the 21st century, an unprecedented military logistics revolution is being carried out rapidly. We can try to use some basic knowledge of high-molecular materials to explain the unique phenomenon of high-molecular materials encountered in life, which is unstoppable in the U.S. Army

As an important factor in logistics science and the cornerstone of logistics system, packaging plays a decisive role in this military logistics revolution, and its future development is closely related to this military logistics revolution. The future development direction of military packaging affects the success or failure of this military logistics revolution to a certain extent. Combined with the characteristics of this military logistics revolution, the U.S. military packaging will develop in the following directions:

the containerized transportation of military materials will develop in the direction of matching

as early as the Second World War, the U.S. military used palletized packaging to transport ammunition and other materials. Because palletized and containerized packaging has the characteristics of high efficiency, convenient management and use, suitable for air delivery, air transportation and cost saving, it has been greatly developed after World War II. The packaging of 105mm tank ammunition of the US Army is to fix 30 or 35 metal packaging cans on a metal pallet to form a reusable unit packaging. One unit package can be used for one-time loading of a tank. When loading, just open the metal end cover to take out the shells, and the ammunition feeder will automatically feed the shells into the tank, which is very convenient. Because the handling and loading and unloading of containerized materials require special equipment, its application scope and location are limited

in the military logistics revolution carried out by the U.S. Army, major general Norman Williams, deputy chief of staff of the Logistics Department of the U.S. Army, proposed "replacing the quantitative logistics system with the speed logistics system after changing the experimental radius", that is, to change the logistics from a supply-based system that depends on a large amount of inventory to a computer-based system that depends on distribution. For example, in Europe, the time required to transport ammunition in containers from warehouses to troops has been reduced from 74 days to 34 days; Since June, 1995, for regions with great differences such as South Korea and Fort Hood, Texas, the time of material application for transportation has been reduced from 34 and 23 days to 18 and 9 days respectively. The palletized loading system composed of a truck (m1074 or m1075), a trailer (m1076) and two detachable cargo platforms (m1077) plays an important role in this military logistics revolution. With the help of its own material handling equipment, this system can complete the loading and unloading within 5 minutes without additional manpower and only rely on the crew. After improving the cargo level of the system, it can transport containers, bulk goods, medical modules, liquid goods and so on. Each platform can carry 16.5 tons of goods, and each system can transport 33 tons of goods. Moreover, the system is equipped with driver image intensifier (DVE) and mobile tracking system (MTS), so that the system has all-weather mobility, and can keep in touch with the command post at any time, so that the command post can accurately grasp the movement of a specific equipment on the battlefield, and give orders to the fleet at any time according to the changes of tactical conditions. During the experiment of palletized loading system at the National Training Center (NTC), the truck with palletized loading system equipped with driver image intensifier was dubbed "Midnight Express" by company officers participating in the experiment because of its excellent night vision ability

therefore, containerization with its incomparable advantages will still be an important development direction of military packaging in the future, and the containerization transportation of materials will develop in the direction of supporting

pay attention to the development and application of new packaging technologies and materials

modern war has developed from land, sea and air three-dimensional war to four-dimensional and five-dimensional war. In order to meet the needs of material protection under the conditions of modern war, the U.S. military continues to develop and utilize new technologies and materials and apply them to military packaging. In the coming period, the US military will further develop in intelligent packaging, anti explosion packaging, ultra-high function packaging with obvious eccentricity between its head and counterbore, anti-static packaging, anti electromagnetic packaging, anti infrared packaging, anti radiation packaging, nanotechnology and nano materials

nanotechnology and nanomaterials are currently the most widely used high technologies in the packaging field abroad. The application of nanotechnology in the development of packaging materials in the United States has enabled packaging materials to have a variety of ultra-high physical and chemical properties, which is of epoch-making significance in improving packaging functions. In terms of explosion-proof packaging, the United States took the lead in testing the explosion-proof packaging of detonators in the 1980s, and then carried out a series of studies on the explosion-proof packaging of initiating explosive devices. The U.S. military has successfully developed a kind of anti explosion packaging material filled in the container of packaging explosives. This material is a composite material mixed with adhesive, which can be cast. It has the characteristics of light weight, porous, absorbing dynamic shock wave and shock absorption. After this material is filled into the packaging container, it can not only prevent the explosives in one container from being killed, but also prevent the explosives in other containers from being killed

the national Oak Ridge Institute of the United States has proposed the scheme of applying waterproof and moisture-proof paper tubes to improve paper tube packaging, and selected four kinds of coating coatings

information technology will be widely used in military packaging

in the military logistics revolution of the US Army, logistics support based on distribution requires logistics personnel to master battlefield information in time. If we can control the information, we can shorten the logistics response time and make the logistics support change from passive response to predictable use of resources. The information system of the new era will provide logistics personnel with a common and accurate battlefield picture, so that logistics personnel have the advantage of tactical information. With the rapid development of information technology, the combination of information and logistics technology is an inevitable trend. The application of two-dimensional and even three-dimensional bar codes, radio frequency technology and other information technologies in the field of military packaging has greatly strengthened the transparency of inner packaging, improved the rapid response ability, and made the management of materials more simple and easy. In Bosnia, strategic packaging, radio frequency tags, transportation tracking systems and automated waybill system cards have been used to speed up the flow of difficult supplies for the production of dioxin and other hazardous materials. The use of the transportation coordinator automated transportation information system, coupled with the application of two-dimensional bar codes, has greatly strengthened material deployment activities in Bosnia. The use of radio frequency tags and fixed or hand-held interrogators has produced significant results in material tracking. In 1998, a distribution center in Pennsylvania handled more than 6900 goods with radio frequency labels on their outer packages. In the Gulf War, the US Army developed an automated manifest system. The system uses the laser memory card as the storage medium of the database to provide detailed information about the materials contained in the containers, so as to help the U.S. military quickly transfer thousands of sea containers and air pallets piled up in ports and airports to their destinations

in order to further develop and utilize information technology, the defense logistics agency of the United States has recently been designated as the lead agency for the implementation of automated information technology. This plan includes the use of laser memory cards, RFID tags, smart cards, bar codes and other technologies for logistics

(to be continued)

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